تبلیغات در اینترنت

تبلیغات در اینترنتگیفت کارت گوگل پلی
نمایش نتایج: از 1 به 1 از 1

موضوع: کامل ترین لیست، از تمامی فرمت های فایل های کامپیوتری !!

  1. Top | #1
    مدیر بازنشته

    تاریخ عضویت
    Jan 1970
    ورژن ویبولتین
    My Own Version
    سن
    33
    نوشته ها
    2,440
    مورد پسند
    3,845 بار
    نوشته های وبلاگ
    1
    اطلاعات
    میزان امتیاز
    361

    پیش فرض

    درود
    در زیر، لیست تمامی فرمت های فایل های کامپیوتری دنیا را، به نقل از ویکیپدیا، میخوانیم..:
    Contents


    1 Archive and compressed
    2 Encryption and encrypted


    3 Computer-aided

    4 Database
    5 Desktop publishing
    6 Document
    7 Font file
    8 Geographic information system
    9 Graphical information organizers
    10 Graphics


    11 Object code, executable files, shared and dynamically-linked libraries
    12 Mathematic
    13 Page description language
    14 Personal information manager
    15 Presentation
    16 Project management software
    17 Reference management software
    18 Scientific data (data exchange)


    19 Script
    20 Signal data (non-audio)
    21 Sound and music


    22 Source code for computer programs
    23 Spreadsheet
    24 Tabulated data
    25 Video


    26 Video game data
    27 Video game storage media
    28 Virtual machines


    29 Webpage
    30 XML, markup language, other web standards-based file formats
    31 Other
    32 Cursors
    33 Financial records
    34 See also
    35 References
    36 External links





    Archive and compressed

    Main article: List of archive formats
    .?Q? – files compressed by the SQ program.
    7z – 7-Zip compressed file
    ace – ACE compressed file
    ALZ – ALZip compressed file
    AT3 – Sony's UMD Data compression
    .bke – BackupEarth.com Data compression
    ARC
    ARJ – ARJ compressed file
    BA – Scifer Archive (.ba), Scifer External Archive Type
    big – Special file compression format used by Electronic Arts for compressing the data for many of EA's games
    BIK (.bik) – Bink Video file. A video compression system developed by RAD Game Tools
    BKF (.bkf) – Microsoft backup created by NTBACKUP.EXE
    bzip2 – (.bz2)a
    bmp – (paint)a
    c4 – JEDMICS image files, a DOD system
    cab – Microsoft Cabinet
    cals – JEDMICS image files, a DOD system
    cpt/sea – Compact Pro (Macintosh)s
    DAA – Closed-format, Windows-only compressed disk image
    deb – Debian Linux install package
    DMG – an Apple compressed/encrypted format
    EEA – An encrypted CAB, ostensibly for protecting email attachments
    .egg – Alzip Egg Edition compressed file
    EGT (.egt) – EGT Universal Document also used to create compressed cabinet files replaces .ecab
    ECAB (.ECAB, .ezip) – EGT Compressed Folder used in advanced systems to compress entire system folders, replaced by EGT Universal Document
    ESS (.ess) – EGT SmartSense File, detects files compressed using the EGT compression system.
    GHO (.gho, .ghs) – Norton Ghost
    gzip (.gz) – Compressed file
    IPG (.ipg) – Format in which Apple Inc. packages their iPod games. can be extracted through Winrar
    jar – ZIP file with manifest for use with Java applications.
    LBR – Library file
    LQR – LBR Library file compressed by the SQ program.
    LHA (.lzh) – Lempel, Ziv, Huffman
    lzo
    lzma
    LZX (algorithm)a
    MBRWizard archive(.mbw)a
    MPQ Archives (.mpq) – Used by Blizzard games
    MacBinary (.bin)a
    NTH (.nth) – Nokia Theme Used by Nokia Series 40 Cellphones
    PAK – Enhanced type of .ARC archive
    Parchive (.par, .par2)a
    Quake 3 archive (.pk3) – (See note on Doom³)s
    Doom³ archive (.pk4) – (Opens similarly to a zip archive.)s
    RAR Rar Archive(.rar) – for multiple file archive (rar to .r01-.r99 to s01 and so on)a
    SEN Scifer Archive (.sen) – Scifer Internal Archive Type
    sit/sitx – StuffIt (Macintosh)s
    tar
    .tar.gz, .tgz – gzipped tar file
    TB (.tb) – Tabbery Virtual Desktop Tab file
    TIB (.tib) – Acronis True Image backup
    uha – Ultra High Archive Compression
    VIV – Archive format used to compress data for several video games, including Need For Speed: High Stakes.
    VOL – unknown archive
    VSA – Altiris Virtual Software Archive
    WAX – Wavexpress - A ZIP alternative optimized for packages containing video, allowing multiple packaged files to be all-or-none delivered with near-instantaneous unpacking via NTFS file system manipulation.
    Z – Unix compress file
    zoo
    zip




    Encryption and encrypted


    Main article: List of encryption formats
    GXK – Galaxkey - An Encryption platform optimized for authorized, private and confidential email communication containing formatted text and attachments, allowing multiple packaged files over current email platforms. Works on windows 32/64 and in 2012 will support Linux, iOS, Mac, Windows 8 and more.

    Physical recordable media archiving


    ISO – The generic file format for most optical media, including CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, Blu-ray Disc, HD DVD and UMD. ISO images indicate write directives, while .bin files that usually accompany such files contain the actual data.
    NRG – The proprietary optical media archive format used by Nero applications.
    IMG – For archiving MS-DOS formatted floppy disks.
    ADF – Amiga Disk Format, for archiving Amiga floppy disks


    • ADZ – The GZip-compressed version of ADF.
    • DMS – Disk Masher System, a disk-archiving system native to the Amiga.


    DSK – For archiving floppy disks from a number of other platforms, including the ZX Spectrum and Amstrad CPC.
    D64 – An archive of a Commodore 64 floppy disk.
    SDI – System Deployment Image, used for archiving and providing "virtual disk" functionality.
    MDS – DAEMON tools native disc image file format used for making images from optical CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, HD DVD or Blu-ray Disc. It comes together with MDF file and can be mounted with DAEMON Tools or Alcohol 120% software.
    MDX – New DAEMON Tools file format that allows to get one MDX disc image file instead of two (MDF and MDS).a
    DMG – Macintosh disk image files

    (MPEG-1 is found in a .DAT file on a video CD.)

    CDI - DiscJuggler image file
    CUE - CDRWrite CUE image file
    CIF - Easy CD Creator .cif format
    C2D - Roxio / WinOnCD .c2d format
    DAA - PowerISO .daa format
    CCD,SUB,IMG - CloneCD image file
    B6T - BlindWrite 5/6 image file

    a Computer-aided


    Computer-aided is a prefix for several categories of tools (e.g., design, manufacture, engineering) which assist professionals in their respective fields (e.g., machining, architecture, schematics).a

    Computer-aided design (CAD)a


    Computer-aided design (CAD) software assists engineers, architects and other design professionals in project design.

    3dmlw – (3D Markup Language for Web) files
    3dxml – Dassault Systemes graphic representation
    ACP – VA Software VA – Virtual Architecture CAD file
    AMF – Additive Manufacturing File Format
    AR – Ashlar-Vellum Argon – 3D Modeling
    ART – ArtCAM model
    ASC – BRL-CAD Geometry File (old ASCII format)a
    ASM – Solidedge Assembly, Pro/ENGINEER Assembly
    BIN, BIM – Data Design System DDS-CAD
    CCC – CopyCAD Curves
    CCM – CopyCAD Model
    CCS – CopyCAD Session
    CAD – CadStd
    CATDrawing – CATIA V5 Drawing document
    CATPart – CATIA V5 Part document
    CATProduct – CATIA V5 Assembly document
    CATProcess – CATIA V5 Manufacturing document
    cgr – CATIA V5 graphic representation file
    CO – Ashlar-Vellum Cobalt – parametric drafting and 3D modeling
    DRW – Caddie Early version of Caddie drawing – Prior to Caddie changing to DWG
    DWG – AutoCAD and Open Design Alliance applications
    DFT – Solidedge Draft
    DGN – MicroStation design file
    DGK – Delcam Geometry
    DMT – Delcam Machining Triangles
    DXF – ASCII Drawing Interchange file format – AutoCAD
    DWB – VariCAD drawing file
    DWF – AutoDesk's Web Design Format; AutoCAD & Revit can publish to this format; similar in concept to PDF files; AutoDesk Design Review is the reader
    EMB – Wilcom ES Designer Embroidery CAD file
    ESW – Agtek format
    EXCELLON – Excellon file
    EXP – Drawing Express file format
    FM – FeatureCAM Part File
    FMZ – FormZ Project file
    G – BRL-CAD Geometry File
    GERBER – Gerber file
    GRB – T-FLEX CAD File
    GTC – GRAITEC Advance file format
    IAM – Autodesk Inventor Assembly file
    ICD – IronCAD 2D CAD file
    IDW – Autodesk Inventor Drawing file
    IFC – buildingSMART for sharing AEC and FM data
    IGES – Initial Graphics Exchange Specification Intergraph's Intergraph Standard File Formats
    IPN – Autodesk Inventor Presentation file
    IPT – Autodesk Inventor Part file
    MCD – Monu-CAD (Monument/Headstone Drawing file)a
    model – CATIA V4 part document
    PAR – Solidedge Part
    PRT – NX (recently known as Unigraphics), Pro/ENGINEER Part, CADKEY Part
    PLN – ArchiCad project
    PSM – Solidedge Sheet
    PSMODEL – PowerSHAPE Model
    PWI – PowerINSPECT File
    PYT – Pythagoras File
    SKP – SketchUp Model
    RLF – ArtCAM Relief
    RVT – AutoDesk Revit project files
    RFA – AutoDesk Revit family files
    SLDASM – SolidWorks Assembly drawing
    SLDDRW – SolidWorks 2D drawing
    SLDPRT – SolidWorks 3D part model Softimage's dotXSI
    STEP – Standard for the Exchange of Product model data
    STL – Stereo Lithographic data format (see STL (file format)) used by various CAD systems and stereo lithographic printing machines.
    TCT – TurboCAD drawing template
    TCW – TurboCAD for Windows 2D and 3D drawing
    UNV – I-DEAS I-DEAS (Integrated Design and Engineering Analysis Software)a
    VC6 – Ashlar-Vellum Graphite – 2D and 3D drafting
    VLM – Ashlar-Vellum Vellum, Vellum 2D, Vellum Draft, Vellum 3D, DrawingBoard
    VS – Ashlar-Vellum Vellum Solids
    WRL – Similar to STL, but includes color. Used by various CAD systems and 3D printing rapid prototyping machines. Also used for VRML models on the web.
    XE – Ashlar-Vellum Xenon – for Associative 3D Modeling

    Electronic design automation (EDA)ll


    Electronic design automation (EDA), or electronic computer-aided design (ECAD), is specific to the field of electrical engineering.

    BRD – Board file for EAGLE Layout Editor, a commercial PCB design tool
    BSDL – Description language for testing through JTAG
    CDL – Transistor-level netlist format for IC design
    CPF – Power-domain specification in SoC implementation (see also UPF)a
    DEF – Gate-level layout
    DSPF – Detailed Standard Parasitic Format, Analog-level parasitics of interconnections in IC design
    EDIF – Vendor neutral gate-level netlist format
    FSDB – Analog waveform format (see also Waveform viewer)a
    GDSII – Format for PCB and layout of integrated circuits
    HEX – ASCII-coded binary format for memory dumps
    LEF – Library Exchange Format, physical abstract of cells for IC design
    LIB – Library modeling (function, timing) format
    MS10 – NI Multisim file
    OASIS – Open Artwork System Interchange Standard
    OpenAccess – Design database format with APIs
    SDC – Synopsys Design Constraints, format for synthesis constraints
    SDF – Standard for gate-level timings
    SPEF – Standard format for parasitics of interconnections in IC design
    SPI, CIR – SPICE Netlist, device-level netlist and commands for simulation
    SREC, S19 – S-record, ASCII-coded format for memory dumps
    SV – SystemVerilog source file
    UPF – Standard for Power-domain specification in SoC implementation
    V – Verilog source file
    VCD – Standard format for digital simulation waveform
    VHD, VHDL – VHDL source file

    Test technology


    Files output from Automatic Test Equipment or post-processed from such.

    Standard Test Data Format




    Encryption and encrypted


    Main article: List of encryption formats
    GXK – Galaxkey - An Encryption platform optimized for authorized, private and confidential email communication containing formatted text and attachments, allowing multiple packaged files over current email platforms. Works on windows 32/64 and in 2012 will support Linux, iOS, Mac, Windows 8 and more.

    Physical recordable media archiving


    ISO – The generic file format for most optical media, including CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, Blu-ray Disc, HD DVD and UMD. ISO images indicate write directives, while .bin files that usually accompany such files contain the actual data.
    NRG – The proprietary optical media archive format used by Nero applications.
    IMG – For archiving MS-DOS formatted floppy disks.
    ADF – Amiga Disk Format, for archiving Amiga floppy disks


    • ADZ – The GZip-compressed version of ADF.
    • DMS – Disk Masher System, a disk-archiving system native to the Amiga.


    DSK – For archiving floppy disks from a number of other platforms, including the ZX Spectrum and Amstrad CPC.
    D64 – An archive of a Commodore 64 floppy disk.
    SDI – System Deployment Image, used for archiving and providing "virtual disk" functionality.
    MDS – DAEMON tools native disc image file format used for making images from optical CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, HD DVD or Blu-ray Disc. It comes together with MDF file and can be mounted with DAEMON Tools or Alcohol 120% software.
    MDX – New DAEMON Tools file format that allows to get one MDX disc image file instead of two (MDF and MDS).
    DMG – Macintosh disk image files

    (MPEG-1 is found in a .DAT file on a video CD.)

    CDI - DiscJuggler image file
    CUE - CDRWrite CUE image file
    CIF - Easy CD Creator .cif format
    C2D - Roxio / WinOnCD .c2d format
    DAA - PowerISO .daa format
    CCD,SUB,IMG - CloneCD image file
    B6T - BlindWrite 5/6 image file

    Computer-aided


    Computer-aided is a prefix for several categories of tools (e.g., design, manufacture, engineering) which assist professionals in their respective fields (e.g., machining, architecture, schematics).

    Computer-aided design (CAD)


    Computer-aided design (CAD) software assists engineers, architects and other design professionals in project design.

    3dmlw – (3D Markup Language for Web) files
    3dxml – Dassault Systemes graphic representation
    ACP – VA Software VA – Virtual Architecture CAD file
    AMF – Additive Manufacturing File Format
    AR – Ashlar-Vellum Argon – 3D Modeling
    ART – ArtCAM model
    ASC – BRL-CAD Geometry File (old ASCII format)
    ASM – Solidedge Assembly, Pro/ENGINEER Assembly
    BIN, BIM – Data Design System DDS-CAD
    CCC – CopyCAD Curves
    CCM – CopyCAD Model
    CCS – CopyCAD Session
    CAD – CadStd
    CATDrawing – CATIA V5 Drawing document
    CATPart – CATIA V5 Part document
    CATProduct – CATIA V5 Assembly document
    CATProcess – CATIA V5 Manufacturing document
    cgr – CATIA V5 graphic representation file
    CO – Ashlar-Vellum Cobalt – parametric drafting and 3D modeling
    DRW – Caddie Early version of Caddie drawing – Prior to Caddie changing to DWG
    DWG – AutoCAD and Open Design Alliance applications
    DFT – Solidedge Draft
    DGN – MicroStation design file
    DGK – Delcam Geometry
    DMT – Delcam Machining Triangles
    DXF – ASCII Drawing Interchange file format – AutoCAD
    DWB – VariCAD drawing file
    DWF – AutoDesk's Web Design Format; AutoCAD & Revit can publish to this format; similar in concept to PDF files; AutoDesk Design Review is the reader
    EMB – Wilcom ES Designer Embroidery CAD file
    ESW – Agtek format
    EXCELLON – Excellon file
    EXP – Drawing Express file format
    FM – FeatureCAM Part File
    FMZ – FormZ Project file
    G – BRL-CAD Geometry File
    GERBER – Gerber file
    GRB – T-FLEX CAD File
    GTC – GRAITEC Advance file format
    IAM – Autodesk Inventor Assembly file
    ICD – IronCAD 2D CAD file
    IDW – Autodesk Inventor Drawing file
    IFC – buildingSMART for sharing AEC and FM data
    IGES – Initial Graphics Exchange Specification
    Intergraph's Intergraph Standard File Formats
    IPN – Autodesk Inventor Presentation file
    IPT – Autodesk Inventor Part file
    MCD – Monu-CAD (Monument/Headstone Drawing file)
    model – CATIA V4 part document
    PAR – Solidedge Part
    PRT – NX (recently known as Unigraphics), Pro/ENGINEER Part, CADKEY Part
    PLN – ArchiCad project
    PSM – Solidedge Sheet
    PSMODEL – PowerSHAPE Model
    PWI – PowerINSPECT File
    PYT – Pythagoras File
    SKP – SketchUp Model
    RLF – ArtCAM Relief
    RVT – AutoDesk Revit project files
    RFA – AutoDesk Revit family files
    SLDASM – SolidWorks Assembly drawing
    SLDDRW – SolidWorks 2D drawing
    SLDPRT – SolidWorks 3D part model
    Softimage's dotXSI
    STEP – Standard for the Exchange of Product model data
    STL – Stereo Lithographic data format (see STL (file format)) used by various CAD systems and stereo lithographic printing machines.
    TCT – TurboCAD drawing template
    TCW – TurboCAD for Windows 2D and 3D drawing
    UNV – I-DEAS I-DEAS (Integrated Design and Engineering Analysis Software)
    VC6 – Ashlar-Vellum Graphite – 2D and 3D drafting
    VLM – Ashlar-Vellum Vellum, Vellum 2D, Vellum Draft, Vellum 3D, DrawingBoard
    VS – Ashlar-Vellum Vellum Solids
    WRL – Similar to STL, but includes color. Used by various CAD systems and 3D printing rapid prototyping machines. Also used for VRML models on the web.
    XE – Ashlar-Vellum Xenon – for Associative 3D Modeling

    Electronic design automation (EDA)


    Electronic design automation (EDA), or electronic computer-aided design (ECAD), is specific to the field of electrical engineering.

    BRD – Board file for EAGLE Layout Editor, a commercial PCB design tool
    BSDL – Description language for testing through JTAG
    CDL – Transistor-level netlist format for IC design
    CPF – Power-domain specification in SoC implementation (see also UPF)
    DEF – Gate-level layout
    DSPF – Detailed Standard Parasitic Format, Analog-level parasitics of interconnections in IC design
    EDIF – Vendor neutral gate-level netlist format
    FSDB – Analog waveform format (see also Waveform viewer)
    GDSII – Format for PCB and layout of integrated circuits
    HEX – ASCII-coded binary format for memory dumps
    LEF – Library Exchange Format, physical abstract of cells for IC design
    LIB – Library modeling (function, timing) format
    MS10 – NI Multisim file
    OASIS – Open Artwork System Interchange Standard
    OpenAccess – Design database format with APIs
    SDC – Synopsys Design Constraints, format for synthesis constraints
    SDF – Standard for gate-level timings
    SPEF – Standard format for parasitics of interconnections in IC design
    SPI, CIR – SPICE Netlist, device-level netlist and commands for simulation
    SREC, S19 – S-record, ASCII-coded format for memory dumps
    SV – SystemVerilog source file
    UPF – Standard for Power-domain specification in SoC implementation
    V – Verilog source file
    VCD – Standard format for digital simulation waveform
    VHD, VHDL – VHDL source file

    Test technology


    Files output from Automatic Test Equipment or post-processed from such.

    Standard Test Data Forma



    Database


    ACCDB – Microsoft Database (Microsoft Office Access 2007)
    ADT – Sybase Advantage Database Server (ADS)
    APR – Lotus Approach data entry & reports
    BOX – Lotus Notes Post Office mail routing database
    CHML – Krasbit Technologies Encrypted database file for 1 click integration between contact management software and the chameleon(tm) line of imaging workflow solutions
    DAF – Digital Anchor data file
    DAT – DOS Basic
    DB – Paradox
    DB - SQLite
    DBF – db/dbase II,III,IV and V, Clipper, Harbour/xHarbour, Fox/FoxPro, Oracle
    EGT – EGT Universal Document, used to compress sql databases to smaller files, may contain original EGT database style.
    ESS – EGT SmartSense is a database of files and its compression style. Specific to EGT SmartSense
    EAP – Enterprise Architect Project
    FDB – Firebird Databases
    FDB – Navision database file
    FP, FP3, FP5, and FP7 – FileMaker Pro
    FRM – MySQL table definition
    GDB – Borland InterBase Databases
    KEXI – Kexi database file (SQLite-based)
    KEXIC – shortcut to a database connection for a Kexi databases on a server
    LDB – Temporary database file, only existing when database is open
    MDB (.mdb, .ldb) – Microsoft Database (Access)
    ADP – Microsoft Access project (used for accessing databases on a server)
    MDE – Compiled Microsoft Database (Access)
    MDF – Microsoft SQL Server Database
    MYD – MySQL MyISAM table data
    MYI – MySQL MyISAM table index
    NCF – Lotus Notes configuration file
    NSF – Lotus Notes database
    NTF – Lotus Notes database design template
    NV2 – QW Page NewViews object oriented accounting database
    ODB – OpenDocument database
    ORA – Oracle tablespace files sometimes get this extension (also used for configuration files)
    PDB – Palm OS Database
    PDI – Portable Database Image
    PDX – Corel Paradox database management
    PRC – Palm OS resource database
    SQL – bundled SQL queries
    REL – Sage Retrieve 4GL data file
    RIN – Sage Retrieve 4GL index file
    SDB – StarOffice's StarBase
    UDL – Universal Data Link
    WDB – Microsoft Works Database
    WMDB – Windows Media Database file – The CurrentDatabase_360.wmdb file can contain file name, file properties, music, video, photo and playlist information.

    Desktop publishing


    DTP – greenstreet Publisher, GST PressWorks
    INDD – Adobe InDesign
    MCF – FotoInsight Designer
    PMD – Adobe PageMaker
    PPP – Serif PagePlus
    PUB – Microsoft Publisher
    FM – Adobe FrameMaker

    Document


    These files store formatted text and plain text.


    • 602 – Text602 document
    • ABW – AbiWord document
    • ACL – MS Word AutoCorrect List
    • AFP – Advanced Function Presentation – IBc
    • Amigaguide
    • ANS – ANSI text with Layout
    • ASC – ASCII text with Layout
    • AWW – Ability Write
    • CSV – ASCII text encoded as Comma Separated Values, used in most spreadsheets such as Microsoft Excel or by most database management systems
    • CWK – ClarisWorks / AppleWorks document
    • DOC – Microsoft Word document
    • DOCX – Office Open XML Text document or Microsoft Office Word 2007 for Windows/2008 for Mac
    • DOT – Microsoft Word document template
    • DOTX – Office Open XML Text document template
    • EGT – EGT Universal Document
    • FDX – Final Draft
    • FTM – Fielded Text Meta
    • FTX – Fielded Text (Declared)
    • HTML – HyperText Markup Language (.html, .htm)
    • HWP – Haansoft (Hancom) Hangul Word Processor document
    • HWPML – Haansoft (Hancom) Hangul Word Processor Markup Language document
    • LWP – Lotus Word Pro
    • MCW – Microsoft Word for Macintosh (versions 4.0–5.1)
    • NB – Mathematica Notebook
    • NBP – Mathematica Player Notebook
    • ODM – OpenDocument Master document
    • ODT – OpenDocument Text document
    • OTT – OpenDocument Text document template


    • PAGES – Apple Pages document
    • PAP – Papyrus word processor document
    • PDAX – Portable Document Archive (PDA) document index file
    • PDF – Portable Document Format
    • Radix-64
    • RTF – Rich Text document
    • QUOX – Question Object File Format Question Object document for Quobject Designer or Quobject Explorer
    • RPT – Crystal Reports
    • SDW – StarWriter text document, used in earlier versions of StarOffice
    • STW – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) text document template
    • SXW – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) text document
    • TeX (.tex)
    • Texinfo (.info)
    • Troff
    • TXT – ASCII or Unicode plaintext
    • UOF – Uniform Office Format
    • UOML – UniqueObject Markup Language (UOML) is a XML-based markup language; uniqueobject
    • WPD – WordPerfect document
    • WPS – Microsoft Works document
    • WPT – Microsoft Works document template
    • WRD – WordIt! Document
    • WRF – ThinkFree Write
    • WRI – Microsoft Write document
    • XHTML (.xhtml, .xht) – eXtensible Hyper-Text Markup Language
    • XML – eXtensible Markup Language
    • XPS – Open XML Paper Specification


    Font file


    ABF – Adobe Binary Screen Font
    AFM – Adobe Font Metrics
    BDF – Bitmap Distribution Format
    BMF – ByteMap Font Format
    FNT – Bitmapped Font – Graphical Environment Manager
    FON – Bitmapped Font – Microsoft Windows
    MGF – MicroGrafx Font
    OTF – OpenType Font
    PCF – Portable Compiled Font
    PostScript Font – Type 1, Type 2
    • PFA – Printer Font ASCII
    • PFB – Printer Font Binary – Adobe
    • PFM – Printer Font Metrics – Adobe
    • FOND – Font Description resource – Mac OS

    SFD – FontForge spline font database Font
    SNF – Server Normal Format
    TDF – TheDraw Font
    TFM – TeX font metric
    TTF (.ttf, .ttc) – TrueType Font



    Geographic information system


    APR – ESRI ArcView 3.3 and earlier project file
    DEM – USGS DEM file format
    E00 – ARC/INFO interchange file format
    GeoTIFF – Geographically located raster data
    GPX – XML-based interchange format
    MXD – ESRI ArcGIS project file, 8.0 and higher
    SHP – ESRI shapefile
    TAB – MapInfo Table file format
    World TIFF – Geographically located raster data: text file giving corner coordinate, raster cells per unit, and rotation
    DTED – Digital Terrain Elevation Data
    KML – Keyhole Markup Language, XML-based

    Graphical information organizers


    3DT – 3D Topicscape The database in which the meta-data of a 3D Topicscape is held. A 3D Topicscape is a form of 3D concept map (like a 3D mind-map) used to organize ideas, information and computer files.
    ATY – 3D Topicscape file, produced when an association type is exported by 3D Topicscape. Used to permit round-trip (export Topicscape, change files and folders as desired, re-import them to 3D Topicscape).
    CAG – Linear Reference System.
    FES – 3D Topicscape file, produced when a fileless occurrence in 3D Topicscape is exported to Windows. Used to permit round-trip (export Topicscape, change files and folders as desired, re-import them to 3D Topicscape).
    MGMF – MindGenius Mind Mapping Software file format.
    MM – FreeMind mind map file (XML).
    MMP – Mind Manager mind map file.
    TPC – 3D Topicscape file, produced when an inter-Topicscape topic link file is exported to Windows. Used to permit round-trip (export Topicscape, change files and folders as desired, re-import them to 3D Topicscape).

    Graphics


    Main article: image file formats Color palettes


    ACT – Adobe Color Table. Contains a raw color palette and consists of 256 24-bit RGB colour values.
    PAL – Microsoft palette file

    Raster graphics


    Raster (or Bitmap) files store images as a group of pixels.


    • ASE – Adobe Swatch
    • ART – America Online proprietary format
    • BMP – Microsoft Windows Bitmap formatted image
    • BLP – Blizzard Entertainment proprietary texture format
    • CIT – Intergraph is a monochrome bitmap format
    • CPT – Corel PHOTO-PAINT image
    • CUT – Dr. Halo image file
    • DDS – DirectX texture file
    • DIB – Device-Independent Bitmap graphic
    • DjVu – DjVu for scanned documents
    • EGT – EGT Universal Document, used in EGT SmartSense to compress PNG files to yet a smaller file
    • Exif – Exchangeable image file format (Exif) is a specification for the image file format used by digital cameras
    • GIF – CompuServe's Graphics Interchange Format
    • GPL – GIMP Palette, using a textual representation of color names and RGB values
    • ICNS – file format use for icons in Mac OS X. Contains bitmap images at multiple resolutions and bitdepths with alpha channel.
    • ICO – a file format used for icons in Microsoft Windows. Contains small bitmap images at multiple resolutions and sizes.
    • IFF (.iff, .ilbm, .lbm) – ILBM
    • JNG – a single-frame MNG using JPEG compression and possibly an alpha channel.
    • JPEG, JFIF (.jpg or .jpeg) – Joint Photographic Experts Group – a lossy image format widely used to display photographic images.
    • JP2 – JPEG2000
    • JPS – JPEG Stereo
    • LBM – Deluxe Paint image file
    • MAX – ScanSoft PaperPort document
    • MIFF – ImageMagick's native file format
    • MNG – Multiple Network Graphics, the animated version of PNG
    • MSP – a file format used by old versions of Microsoft Paint. Replaced with BMP in Microsoft Windows 3.0
    • NITF – A U.S. Government standard commonly used in Intelligence systems
    • OTA bitmap (Over The Air bitmap) – a specification designed by Nokia for black and white images for mobile phones
    • PBM – Portable bitmap
    • PC1 – Low resolution, compressed Degas picture file
    • PC2 – Medium resolution, compressed Degas picture file
    • PC3 – High resolution, compressed Degas picture file
    • PCF – Pixel Coordination Format
    • PCX – a lossless format used by ZSoft's PC Paint, popular at one time on DOS systems.


    • PDN – Paint.NET image file
    • PGM – Portable graymap
    • PI1 – Low resolution, uncompressed Degas picture file
    • PI2 – Medium resolution, uncompressed Degas picture file. Also Portrait Innovations encrypted image format.
    • PI3 – High resolution, uncompressed Degas picture file
    • PICT, PCT – Apple Macintosh PICT image
    • PNG – Portable Network Graphic (lossless, recommended for display and edition of graphic images)
    • PNM – Portable anymap graphic bitmap image
    • PNS – PNS – PNG Stereo
    • PPM – Portable Pixmap (Pixel Map) image
    • PSB – Adobe Photoshop Big image file (for large files)
    • PSD, PDD – Adobe Photoshop Drawing
    • PSP – Paint Shop Pro image
    • PX – Pixel image editor image file
    • PXR – Pixar Image Computer image file
    • QFX – QuickLink Fax image
    • RAW – General term for minimally processed image data (acquired by a digital camera)
    • RLE – a run-length encoded image
    • SCT – Scitex Continuous Tone image file
    • SGI, RGB, INT, BW – Silicon Graphics Image
    • TGA (.tga, .targa, .icb, .vda, .vst, .pix) – Truevision TGA (Targa) image
    • TIFF (.tif or .tiff) – Tagged Image File Format (usually lossless, but many variants exist, including lossy ones)
    • TIFF/EP (.tif or .tiff) – ISO 12234-2; tends to be used as a basis for other formats rather than in its own right.
    • XBM – X Window System Bitmap
    • XCF – GIMP image (from Gimp's origin at the eXperimental Computing Facility of the University of California)
    • XPM – X Window System Pixmap






    Object code, executable files, shared and dynamically-linked libraries


    .8BF files – plugins for some photo editing programs including Adobe Photoshop, Paint Shop Pro, GIMP and Helicon Filter.
    .a – static library
    a.out – (no suffix for executable image, .o for object files, .so for shared object files) classic UNIX object format, now often superseded by ELF
    APP – apple application program executable file
    BAC – an executable image for the RSTS/E system, created using the BASIC-PLUS COMPILE command[1]
    BPL – a Win32 PE file created with Borland Delphi or C++Builder containing a package.
    Bundle – a Macintosh plugin created with Xcode or make which holds executable code, data files, and folders for that code.
    .Class – used in Java
    COFF (no suffix for executable image, .o for object files) – UNIX Common Object File Format, now often superseded by ELF
    COM files – commands used in DOS
    DCU – Delphi compiled unit
    DOL – the file format used by the Gamecube and Wii, short for Dolphin the codename of the Gamecube.
    .EAR – archives of Java enterprise applications
    ELF – (no suffix for executable image, .o for object files, .so for shared object files) used in many modern Unix and Unix-like systems, including Solaris, other System V Release 4 derivatives, Linux, and BSD)
    expander (see bundle)
    DOS executable (.exe – used in DOS)
    .JAR – archives of Java class files
    .XPI – PKZIP archive that can be run by Mozilla web browsers to install software)
    Mach-O – (no suffix for executable image, .o for object files, .dylib and .bundle for shared object files) Mach based systems, notably native format of Mac OS X)
    NetWare Loadable Module (.NLM) – the native 32-bit binaries compiled for Novell's NetWare Operating System (versions 3 and newer)
    New Executable (.EXE – used in DOS 4.0 and later, 16-bit Microsoft Windows, and OS/2)
    .o – un-linked object files directly from the compiler.
    Portable Executable (.EXE, .DLL – used in Microsoft Windows and some other systems)
    Preferred Executable Format – (Mac OS versions 9 and earlier; compatible with Mac OS X via the Classic emulator)
    .s1es – Executable used for S1ES learning system.
    .so – shared library, typically ELF
    Value Added Process (.VAP) – the native 16-bit binaries compiled for Novell's NetWare Operating System (version 2, NetWare 286, Advanced NetWare, etc.)
    .WAR – archives of Java Web applications
    XBE – Xbox executable
    XCOFF – (no suffix for executable image, .o for object files, .a for shared object files) extended COFF, used in AIX
    XEX – Xbox 360 executable

    Object extensions


    • .VBX – Visual Basic extensions
    • .OCX – Object Control extensions


    .TLB – Windows Type Library

    Mathematic


    MathML – Mathematical Markup Language (.mml)
    Harwell-Boeing file format – a format designed to store sparse matrices
    ODF – OpenDocument Math Formula
    SXM – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Math Formula

    Page description language


    DVI
    EGT – Universal Document can be used to store CSS type styles (*.egt)
    PLD
    PCL
    PDF – Portable Document Format
    PostScript (.ps, .ps .gz)
    SNP – Microsoft Access Report Snapshot
    XPS
    XSL-FO (Formatting Objects)
    Configurations, Metadata
    • CSS – Cascading Style Sheets
    • XSLT, XSL – XML Style Sheet (.xslt, .xsl)
    • TPL – Web template (.tpl)


    Personal information manager


    Main article: Personal information manager
    MSG – Microsoft Outlook task manager
    ORG – Lotus Organizer PIM package
    PST – Microsoft Outlook email communication
    SC2 – Microsoft Schedule+ calendar

    Presentation


    KEY, KEYNOTE – Apple Keynote Presentation
    NB – Mathematica Slideshow
    NBP – Mathematica Player slideshow
    ODP – OpenDocument Presentation
    OTP – OpenDocument Presentation template
    POT – Microsoft PowerPoint template
    PPS – Microsoft PowerPoint Show
    PPT – Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation
    PPTX – Office Open XML Presentation
    PRZ – Lotus Freelance Graphics
    SDD – StarOffice's StarImpress
    SHF – ThinkFree Show
    SHOW – Haansoft(Hancom) Presentation software document
    SHW – Corel Presentations slide show creation
    SLP – Logix-4D Manager Show Control Project
    SSPSS – SongShow Plus Slide Show
    STI – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Presentation template
    SXI – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Presentation
    WATCH – Dataton Watchout Presentation

    Project management software


    Main article: Project management software
    MPP – Microsoft Project

    Reference management software


    Main article: Reference management software
    Formats of files used for bibliographic information (citation) management.

    bib – BibTeX
    enl – EndNote
    ris – Research Information Systems RIS (file format)

    Scientific data (data exchange)


    FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) – standard data format for astronomy
    Silo – a storage format for visualization developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
    SPC – spectroscopic data
    EAS3 – binary file format for structured data
    OST (Open Spatio-Temporal) – extensible, mainly images with related data, or just pure data; meant as an open alternative for microscope images
    CCP4 – X-ray crystallography voxels (electron density)
    MRC – voxels in cryo-electron microscopy

    Multi-domain


    NetCDF – Network common data format
    HDR, [HDF], h4 or h5 – Hierarchical Data Format
    SDXF – (Structured Data Exchange Format)
    CDF – Common Data Format
    CGNS – CFD General Notation System

    Meteorology


    GRIB – Grid In Binary, WMO format for weather model data
    BUFR – WMO format for weather observation data
    PP – UK Met Office format for weather model data
    NASA-Ames – Simple text format for observation data. First used in aircraft studies of the atmosphere.

    Chemistry


    Main article: chemical file format
    CML – Chemical Markup Language (CML) (.cml)
    Chemical table file (CTab) (.mol, .sd, .sdf)
    Joint Committee on Atomic and Molecular Physical Data (JCAMP) (.dx, .jdx)
    Simplified molecular input line entry specification (SMILES) (.smi)

    Biology


    Molecular biology and bioinformatics:
    • AB1 – In DNA sequencing, chromatogram files used by instruments from Applied Biosystems
    • ACE – A sequence assembly format
    • BAM – Binary compressed SAM format
    • CAF – Common Assembly Format for sequence assembly
    • EMBL – The flatfile format used by the EMBL to represent database records for nucleotide and peptide sequences from EMBL databases
    • FASTA – The FASTA file format, for sequence data. Sometimes also given as FNA or FAA (Fasta Nucleic Acid or Fasta Amino Acid).
    • FASTQ – The FASTQ file format, for sequence data with quality. Sometimes also given as QUAL.
    • GenBank – The flatfile format used by the NCBI to represent database records for nucleotide and peptide sequences from the GenBank and RefSeq databases
    • GFF – The General feature format is used for describing genes and other features of DNA, RNA and protein sequences
    • GTF – The Gene transfer format is used to hold information about gene structure.
    • PDB – structures of biomolecules deposited in Protein Data Bank. Also used for exchanging protein/nucleic acid structures.
    • PHD – Phred output, from the basecalling software Phred
    • SAM – Sequence Alignment/Map format, in which the results of the 1000 Genomes Project will be released.
    • SCF – Staden chromatogram files used to store data from DNA sequencing
    • SBML – The Systems Biology Markup Language is use to store biochemical network computational models
    • Stockholm – The Stockholm format for representing multiple sequence alignments
    • Swiss-Prot – The flatfile format used to represent database records for protein sequences from the Swiss-Prot database
    • VCF – Variant Call Format, a standard created by the 1000 Genomes Project that lists and annotates the entire collection of human variants (with the exception of ap####imately 1.6 million variants).


    Biomedical imaging


    Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) (.dcm)
    Neuroimaging Informatics Technology Initiative (NIfTI)
    • .nii – single-file (combined data and meta-data) style
      • .nii.gz – gzip-compressed, used transparently by some software, notably the FMRIB Software Library (FSL)
      • .gii – single-file (combined data and meta-data) style; NIfTI offspring for brain surface data

    • .img,.hdr – dual-file (separate data and meta-data, respectively) style

    AFNI data, meta-data (.BRIK,.HEAD)
    Massachusetts General Hospital imaging format, used by the FreeSurfer brain analysis package
    • .MGH – uncompressed
    • .MGZ – zip-compressed

    Analyze data, meta-data (.img,.hdr)
    Signed Differential Mapping (SDM) brain maps and/or distributions (.sdm)

    Biomedical signals (time series)


    ACQ – AcqKnowledge File Format for Windows/PC from Biopac Systems Inc., Goleta, CA, USA.
    BCI2000 – The BCI2000 project, Albany, NY, USA.
    BDF – BioSemi data format from BioSemi B.V. Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    BKR – The EEG data format developed at the University of Technology Graz, Austria.
    CFWB – Chart Data File Format from ADInstruments Pty Ltd, Bella Vista NSW, Australia.
    DICOM – Waveform An extension of Dicom for storing waveform data
    ecgML – A markup language for electrocardiogram data acquisition and analysis.
    EDF/EDF+ – European Data Format.
    FEF – File Exchange Format for Vital signs, CEN TS 14271.
    GDF v1.x – The General Data Format for biomedical signals – Version 1.x.
    GDF v2.x – The General Data Format for biomedical signals – Version 2.x.
    HL7aECG – Health Level 7 v3 annotated ECG.
    MFER – Medical waveform Format Encoding Rules
    OpenXDF – Open Exchange Data Format from Neurotronics, Inc. Gainesville, FL, USA.
    SCP-ECG – Standard Communication Protocol for Computer assisted electrocardiography EN1064:2007,
    SIGIF – A digital SIGnal Interchange Format with application in neurophysiology.
    WFDB – Format of Physiobank

    ..





    Script


    AHK – AutoHotkey script file
    APPLESCRIPT – See SCPT.
    AS – Adobe Flash ActionScript File
    AU3 – AutoIt version 3
    BAT – Batch file
    BAS – QBasic & QuickBASIC
    CMD – Batch file
    Coffee - CoffeeScript
    EGG – Chicken
    EGT – EGT Asterisk Application Source File, EGT Universal Document
    ERB - Embedded Ruby
    HTA – HTML Application
    IBI – Icarus script
    ICI – ICI
    ITCL – Itcl
    JS – JavaScript and JScript
    JSFL – Adobe JavaScript language
    LUA – Lua
    M – Mathematica package file
    MRC – mIRC Script
    NCF – NetWare Command File (scripting for Novell's NetWare OS)
    NUT – Squirrel
    PHP – PHP
    PHP? – PHP (? = version number)
    PL – Perl
    PM – Perl module
    PS1 – Windows PowerShell shell script
    PS1XML – Windows PowerShell format and type definitions
    PSC1 – Windows PowerShell console file
    PSD1 – Windows PowerShell data file
    PSM1 – Windows PowerShell module file
    PY – Python
    PYC – Python
    PYO – Python
    R – R scripts
    RB – Ruby
    RDP – RDP connection
    SCPT – Applescript
    SCPTD – See SCPT.
    SDL – State Description Language
    SH – Shell script
    TCL – Tcl
    VBS – Visual Basic Script
    XPL – XProc script/pipeline
    ebuild – Gentoo linux's portage package.

    Signal data (non-audio)


    ACQ – AcqKnowledge File Format for Windows/PC from Biopac
    BKR – The EEG data format developed at the University of Technology Graz
    BDF – BioSemi data format – similar to EDF but 24bit
    CFWB – Chart Data File Format from ADInstruments
    EDF – European data format
    FEF – File Exchange Format for Vital signs
    GDF – General data formats for biomedical signals
    GMS – Gesture And Motion Signal format
    IROCK – intelliRock Sensor Data File Format
    MFER – Medical waveform Format Encoding Rules
    SCP-ECG – Standard Communication Protocol for Computer assisted electrocardiography
    SEG Y – Reflection seismology data format
    SIGIF – SIGnal Interchange Format

    Sound and music


    Lossless audio


    Uncompressed
    • AIFF – Audio Interchange File Format
    • AU
    • CDDA
    • IFF-8SVX
    • IFF-16SV
    • RAW – raw samples without any header or sync
    • WAV – Microsoft Wave

    Compressed
    • FLAC – (free lossless codec of the Ogg project)
    • LA – Lossless Audio (.la)
    • PAC – LPAC (.pac)
    • M4A – Apple Lossless (M4A)
    • APE – Monkey's Audio (APE)
    • OptimFROG
    • RKA – RKAU (.rka)
    • SHN – Shorten (SHN)
    • TTA – free lossless audio codec (True Audio)
    • WV – WavPack (.wv)
    • WMA – Windows Media Audio 9 Lossless (WMA)


    Lossy audio


    AMR – for GSM and UMTS based mobile phones
    MP2 – MPEG Layer 2
    MP3 – MPEG Layer 3
    Speex – Ogg project, specialized for voice, low bitrates
    GSM – GSM Full Rate, originally developed for use in mobile phones
    WMA – Windows Media Audio (.WMA)
    AAC (.m4a, .mp4, .m4p, .aac) – Advanced Audio Coding (usually in an MPEG-4 container)
    MPC – Musepack
    VQF – Yamaha TwinVQ
    RealAudio (RA, RM)
    OTS – Audio File (similar to MP3, with more data stored in the file and slightly better compression; designed for use with OtsLabs' OtsAV)
    SWA – Macromedia Shockwave Audio (Same compression as MP3 with additional header information specific to Macromedia Director
    VOX – Dialogic ADPCM Low Sample Rate Digitized Voice (VOX)
    VOC – Creative Labs Soundblaster Creative Voice 8-bit & 16-bit (VOC)
    DWD – DiamondWare Digitized (DWD)
    SMP – Turtlebeach SampleVision (SMP)

    Other music


    AUP – Audacity project file
    BAND – GarageBand music
    CUST – DeliPlayer custom sound file format
    MID – standard MIDI file; most often just notes and controls but occasionally also sample dumps
    MUS – Finale Notation file, see also Finale (software)
    SIB – Sibelius Notation file, see also Sibelius (computer program)
    LY – LilyPond Notation file, see also GNU LilyPond
    GYM – Sega Genesis YM2612 log
    VGM – stands for "Video Game Music", log for several different chips
    PSF
    NSF – NES Sound Format, bytecode program to play NES music
    MOD – Soundtracker and Protracker sample and melody modules
    PTB – Power Tab Editor tab
    S3M – Scream Tracker 3 module, with a few more effects and a dedicated volume column
    XM – Fast Tracker module, adding instrument envelopes
    IT – Impulse Tracker module, adding compressed samples, note-release actions, and more effects including a resonant filter
    MT2 – MadTracker 2 module. It could be resumed as being XM and IT combined with more features like track effects and automation.
    MNG – BGM for the Creatures game series, starting from Creatures 2
    PSF – Portable Sound Format, PlayStation variant (originally PlayStation Sound Format).
    • minipsf, psflib – Multipart PSF
    • 2sf, dsf, gsf, psf2, qsf, ssf, usf – PSF for other platforms

    RMJ – RealJukebox Media used for RealPlayer.
    SPC – Super Nintendo Entertainment System sound file format.
    NIFF (Notation Interchange File Format)
    MusicXML
    TXM – Track ax media
    YM – Atari ST/Amstrad CPC YM2149 sound chip format
    JAM – Jam music format
    ASF – Advanced Systems Format
    MP1 – for use with UltraPlayer
    MSCZ – Musescore compressed file
    MSCZ, – Musescore uncompressed file

    Playlists


    ASX – Advanced Stream Redirector (.asx)
    M3U
    PLS
    RAM – Real Audio Metafile For Real Audio files only.
    XSPF – the XML Shareable Playlist Format
    ZPL – Zune Playlist format

    Audio editing, music production


    ALS – Ableton Live set
    AUP – Audacity project file
    BAND – GarageBand project file
    CEL – Adobe Audition loop file (Cool Edit Loop)
    CPR – Steinberg Cubase project file
    MMR – MAGIX Music Maker project file
    NPR – Steinberg Nuendo project file
    CWP – Cakewalk Sonar project file
    DRM – Steinberg Cubase drum file
    OMF – cross-application format Open Media Framework application-exchange bundled format
    SES – Adobe Audition multitrack session file
    SFL – Sound Forge sound file
    SNG – MIDI sequence file (MidiSoft, Korg, etc.) or n-Track Studio project file
    STF – StudioFactory project file. It contains all necessary patches, samples, tracks and settings to play the file.
    SYN – SynFactory project file. It contains all necessary patches, samples, tracks and settings to play the file.
    SND – Akai MPC sound file

    Source code for computer programs


    (see also: Script)

    ADA, ADB, 2.ADA – Ada (body) source
    ADS, 1.ADA – Ada (specification) source
    ASM, S – Assembly language source
    BAS – BASIC, Visual Basic, BASIC-PLUS source[1]

    BB – Blitz3D
    BMX – BlitzMax
    C – C source
    CLJ – Clojure source code
    CLS – Visual Basic class
    COB, CBL – COBOL source
    CPP, CC, CXX, C – C++ source
    CS – C# source
    CSPROJ – C# project (Visual Studio .NET)
    D – D source
    DBA – DarkBASIC source
    DBPro – DarkBASIC Professional project
    E – Eiffel source
    EFS – EGT Forever Source File
    EGT – EGT Asterisk Source File, could be J, C#, VB.net, EF 2.0 (EGT Forever)
    EL – Emacs Lisp source
    FOR, FTN, F, F77, F90 – Fortran source
    FRM – Visual Basic form
    FRX – Visual Basic form stash file (binary form file)
    GED – Game Maker Extension Editable file as of version 7.0
    GM6 – Game Maker Editable file as of version 6.x
    GMD – Game Maker Editable file up to version 5.x
    GMK – Game Maker Editable file as of version 7.0
    GML – Game Maker Language script file
    GO – Go source
    H – C/C++ header file
    HPP, HXX – C++ header file
    HS – Haskell source
    INC – Turbo Pascal included source
    JAVA – Java source
    L – lex source
    LISP – Common Lisp source
    M – Objective-C source
    M – MATLAB
    M – Mathematica
    M4 – m4 source
    ML – Standard ML / Objective Caml source
    N – Nemerle source
    NB - Nuclear Basic source
    PAS, PP, P – Pascal source (DPR for projects)
    P – Parser source
    PHP, PHP3, PHP4, PHP5, PHPS, Phtml – PHP source
    PIV – Pivot stickfigure animator
    PL, PM – Perl
    PRG – db, clipper, Microsoft FoxPro, harbour and Xbase
    PY – Python source
    RB – Ruby source
    RESX – Resource file for .NET applications
    RC, RC2 – Resource script files to generate resources for .NET applications
    RKT, RKTL – Racket source
    SCI, SCE – Scilab
    SCM – Scheme source
    SKB, SKC – Sage Retrieve 4GL Common Area (Main and Amended backup)
    SKD – Sage Retrieve 4GL Database
    SKF, SKG – Sage Retrieve 4GL File Layouts (Main and Amended backup)
    SKI – Sage Retrieve 4GL Instructions
    SKK – Sage Retrieve 4GL Report Generator
    SKM – Sage Retrieve 4GL Menu
    SKO – Sage Retrieve 4GL Program
    SKP, SKQ – Sage Retrieve 4GL Print Layouts (Main and Amended backup)
    SKS, SKT – Sage Retrieve 4GL Screen Layouts (Main and Amended backup)
    SKZ – Sage Retrieve 4GL Security File
    SLN – Visual Studio solution
    SPIN – Spin source (for Parallax Propeller microcontrollers)
    STK – Stickfigure file for Pivot stickfigure animator
    VAP – Visual Studio Analyzer project
    VB – Visual Basic.NET source
    VBP, VIP – Visual Basic project
    VBG – Visual Studio compatible project group
    #####J – Visual Basic .NET project
    VCPROJ – Visual C++ project
    VDPROJ – Visual Studio deployment project
    XPL – XProc script/pipeline
    XQ – XQuery file
    XSL – XSLT stylesheet
    Y – yacc source




    Spreadsheet


    123 – Lotus 1-2-3
    AWS – Ability Spreadsheet
    CLF – ThinkFree Calc
    CELL – Haansoft(Hancom) SpreadSheet software document
    CSV – Comma-Separated Values
    numbers – An Apple Numbers Spreadsheet file
    gnumeric – Gnumeric spreadsheet, a gziped XML file
    ODS – OpenDocument spreadsheet
    OTS – OpenDocument spreadsheet template
    QPW – Quattro Pro spreadsheet
    SDC – StarOffice StarCalc Spreadsheet
    SLK – SYLK (SYmbolic LinK)
    STC – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Spreadsheet template
    SXC – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Spreadsheet
    TAB – tab delimited columns; also TSV (Tab-Separated Values)
    TXT – tab delimited columns
    VC – Visicalc
    WK1 – Lotus 1-2-3 up to version 2.01
    WK3 – Lotus 1-2-3 version 3.0
    WK4 – Lotus 1-2-3 version 4.0
    WKS – Lotus 1-2-3
    WKS – Microsoft Works
    WQ1 – Quattro Pro DOS version
    XLK – Microsoft Excel worksheet backup
    XLS – Microsoft Excel worksheet sheet (97-2003)
    XLSB – Microsoft Excel binary workbook
    XLSM – Microsoft Excel Macro-enabled workbook
    XLSX – Office Open XML worksheet sheet
    XLR – Microsoft Works version 6.0
    XLT – Microsoft Excel worksheet template
    XLTM – Microsoft Excel Macro-enabled worksheet template
    XLW – Microsoft Excel worksheet workspace (version 4.0)

    Tabulated data


    TSV – Tab-separated values
    CSV – Comma-separated values
    db – databank format; accessible by many econometric applications
    dif – accessible by many spreadsheet applications

    Video


    Main article: Container format (digital)
    AAF – mostly intended to hold edit decisions and rendering information, but can also contain compressed media essence
    3GP – the most common video format for cell phones
    GIF – Animated GIF (simple animation; until recently often avoided because of patent problems)
    ASF – container (enables any form of compression to be used; MPEG-4 is common; video in ASF-containers is also called Windows Media Video (WMV))
    AVCHD – Advanced Video Codec High Definition
    AVI – container (a shell, which enables any form of compression to be used)
    CAM – aMSN webcam log file
    DAT – video standard data file (automatically created when we attempted to burn as video file on the CD)
    DSH
    FLV – Flash video (encoded to run in a flash animation)
    M1V MPEG-1 – Video
    M2V MPEG-2 – Video
    FLA – Macromedia Flash (for producing)
    FLR – (text file which contains scripts extracted from SWF by a free ActionScript decompiler named FLARE)
    SOL – Adobe Flash shared object ("Flash cookie")
    M4V – (file format for videos for iPods and PlayStation Portables developed by Apple)
    Matroska (*.mkv) – Matroska is a container format, which enables any video format such as MPEG-4 ASP or AVC to be used along with other content such as subtitles and detailed meta information
    WRAP – MediaForge (*.wrap)
    MNG – mainly simple animation containing PNG and JPEG objects, often somewhat more complex than animated GIF
    QuickTime (.mov) – container which enables any form of compression to be used; Sorenson codec is the most common; QTCH is the filetype for cached video and audio streams
    MPEG (.mpeg, .mpg, .mpe)


    • MPEG-4 Part 14, shortened "MP4" – multimedia container (most often used for Sony's PlayStation Portable and Apple's iPod)


    MXF – Material Exchange Format (standardized wrapper format for audio/visual material developed by SMPTE)
    ROQ – used by Quake 3
    NSV – Nullsoft Streaming Video (media container designed for streaming video content over the Internet)
    Ogg – container, multimedia
    RM – RealMedia
    SVI – Samsung video format for portable players
    SMI – SAMI Caption file (HTML like subtitle for movie files)
    SWF – Macromedia Flash (for viewing)
    WMV – Windows Media Video (See ASF)

    Video editing, production


    FCP – Final Cut Pro project file
    MSWMM – Windows Movie Maker project file
    PPJ – Adobe Premiere Pro video editing file
    IMOVIEPROJ – iMovie project file
    VEG & VEG-BAK – Sony Vegas project file
    SUF – Sony camera configuration file (setup.suf) produced by XDCAM-EX camcorders

    Video game data


    List of common file formats of data for video games on systems that support filesystems, most commonly PC games.

    HALO Engine – File formats used by games based on the Halo engine.
    • MAP – A Level, User Interface, or Sounds
    • TAG – An Object
    • SAV – A saved game
    • LEV – A HALO ZERO Level





    edit] Parallels Workstation


    Main article: Parallels Workstation
    HDD – Virtual Machine hard disk (.hdd)
    PVS – Virtual Machine preferences/configuration (.pvs)
    SAV – Virtual Machine saved state (.sav)

    Webpage


    Static
    • dtd, Document Type Definition (standard), MUST be public and free
    • RNA – (.rna) – lime Network Real Native Application File
    • XML – (.xml) – eXtensible Markup Language
    • HTML – (.html, .htm) – HyperText Markup Language
    • XHTML – (.xhtml, .xht) – eXtensible HyperText Markup Language
    • MHTML – (.mht, .mhtml) – Archived HTML, store all data on one web page (text, images, etc.) in one big file

    Dynamically generated
    • ASP – (.asp) – Microsoft Active Server Page
    • ASPX – (.aspx) – Microsoft Active Server Page. NET
    • ADP – AOLserver Dynamic Page
    • BML – (.bml) – Better Markup Language (templating)
    • CFM – (.cfm) – ColdFusion
    • CGI – (.cgi)
    • iHTML – (.ihtml) – Inline HTML
    • JSP – (.jsp) JavaServer Pages
    • Lasso – (.las, .lasso, .lassoapp)
    • PL – Perl (.pl)
    • PHP – (.php, .php?, .phtml) – ? is version number (previously abbreviated Personal Home Page, later changed to PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor)
    • SSI – (.shtml) – HTML with Server Side Includes (Apache)
    • SSI – (.stm) – HTML with Server Side Includes (Apache)


    XML, markup language, other web standards-based file formats


    Atom – (.atom, .xml) – Another syndication file format
    EML – (.eml) – File format used by several desktop email clients
    Metalink – (.metalink, .met) – A file format for listing metadata about downloads, such as mirrors, checksums, and other information.
    RSS – (.rss, .xml) – Syndication file format




    Other Formats
    • B – used for Grand Theft Auto saved game files
    • BOL – used for levels on Poing!PC
    • DBPF – The Sims 2, DBPF, Package
    • HE0, HE2, HE4 HE games File
    • GCF – format used by the Steam content management system for file archives.
    • IMG – format used by Renderware-based Grand Theft Auto games for data storage
    • MAP – format used by Halo: Combat Evolved for archive compression, Doom³, and various other games
    • OEC – format used by OE-Cake for scene data storage.
    • P3D – format for panda3d by disney.
    • POD – format used by Terminal Reality
    • REP – used by Blizzard Entertainment for scenario replays in StarCraft.
    • Simcity 4, DBPF (.dat, .SC4Lot, .SC4Model) – All game plugins use this format, commonly with different file extensions
    • SMZIP – ZIP-based package for Stepmania songs, themes and announcer packs.


    Video game storage media


    List of the most common filename extensions used when a game's ROM image or storage medium is copied from an original ROM device to an external memory such as hard disk for back up purposes or for making the game playable with an emulator. In the case of cartridge-based software, if the platform specific extension is not used then filename extensions ".rom" or ".bin" are usually used to clarify that the file contains a copy of a content of a ROM. ROM, disk or tape images usually do not consist of a single file or ROM, rather an entire file or ROM structure contained within a single file on the backup medium.

    JAG,J64 – Atari Jaguar (.jag, .j64)
    BIN – Wii (.bin)
    NDS – Nintendo DS (.nds)
    GB – Game Boy (.gb) (this applies to the original Game Boy and the Game Boy Color)


    • GBC – Game Boy Color (.gbc)
    • GBA – Game Boy Advance (.gba)


    GBA – Game Boy Advance (.gba)


    • SAV – Game Boy Advance Saved Data Files (.sav)
    • SGM – Visual Boy Advance Save States (.sgm)


    N64, V64, Z64, U64, USA, JAP, PAL, EUR, BIN – Nintendo 64 (.n64, .v64, .z64, .u64, .usa, .jap, .pal, .eur, .bin)


    • PJ – Project 64 Save States (.pj)


    NES – Nintendo Entertainment System (.nes)


    • FDS – Famicom Disk System (.fds)
    • JST – Jnes Save States (.jst)
    • FC? – FCEUX Save States (.fc#, where # is any character, usually a number)


    GG – Sega Game Gear (.gg)
    SMS – Sega Master System (.sms)
    SMD,BIN – Mega Drive/Sega Genesis (.smd or .bin)
    SMC,078 – Super NES (.smc, or .078) (.078 is for split ROMs, which are rare)


    • FIG – Super Famicom (Japanese releases are rarely .fig, above extensions are more common)
    • SRM – Super NES Saved Data Files (.srm)
    • ZST – ZSNES Save States (.zst, .zs1-.zs9, .z10-.z99)
    • FRZ – Snes9X Save States (.frz, .000-.008)


    PCE – TurboGrafx-16/PC Engine (.pce)
    NPC – Neo Geo Pocket (.npc)
    TZX – ZX Spectrum (.tzx) (for exact copies of ZX Spectrum games)


    • TAP (for tape images without copy protection)
    • Z80,SNA – (for snapshots of the emulator RAM)
    • DSK – (for disk images)


    TAP – Commodore 64 (.tap) (for tape images including copy protection)


    • T64 – (for tape images without copy protection, considerably smaller than .tap files)
    • D64 – (for disk images)
    • CRT – (for cartridge images)


    ADF – Amiga (.adf) (for 880K diskette images)


    • ADZ – GZip-compressed version of the above.
    • DMS – Disk Masher System, previously used as a disk-archiving system native to the Amiga, also supported by emulators.


    Virtual machines


    Microsoft Virtual PC, Virtual Server


    VFD – Virtual Floppy Disk (.vfd)
    VHD – Virtual Hard Disk (.vhd)
    VUD – Virtual Undo Disk (.vud)
    VMC – Virtual Machine Configuration (.vmc)
    VSV – Virtual Machine Saved State (.vsv)

    EMC VMware ESX, GSX, Workstation, Player


    LOG – Virtual Machine Logfile (.log)
    VMDK, DSK – Virtual Machine Disk (.vmdk, .dsk)
    NVRAM – Virtual Machine BIOS (.nvram)
    VMEM – Virtual Machine paging file (.vmem)
    VMSD – Virtual Machine snapshot metadata (.vmsd)
    VMSN – Virtual Machine snapshot (.vmsn)
    VMSS,STD – Virtual Machine suspended state (.vmss, .std)
    VMTM – Virtual Machine team data (.vmtm)
    VMX,CFG – Virtual Machine configuration (.vmx, .cfg)
    VMXF – Virtual Machine team configuration (.vmxf)

    Virtualbox


    Virtual drive format used by Sun Microsystems xVM VirtualBox, an open-source desktop virtualization program; can be mounted as a hard disk on Mac, Windows, and Unix platforms; allows users to run programs written for different operating systems in a high-speed virtual environment.

    VDI – VirtualBox Virtual Disk Image (.vdi




    Other


    AXD – cookie extensions found in temporary internet folder
    AXX – encrypted file, created with Axcrypt
    BAK – backup file
    BDF – Binary Data Format – raw data from recovered blocks of unallocated space on a hard drive
    CBP – CD Box Labeler Pro, CentraBuilder, Code::Blocks Project File, Conlab Project[2]
    CREDX – CredX Dat File
    DUPX – DuupeCheck database management tool project file
    GA3 – Graphical Analysis 3
    GED – GEDCOM, (GEnealogical Data COMmunication) file format for exchanging genealogical data between different genealogy software.
    HLP – Windows help file
    IGC – flight tracks downloaded from GPS devices in the FAI's prescribed format
    INI file – used by many applications to store configuration
    INF – similar file format to INI; used to install device drivers under Windows, inter alia.
    KMC – tests made with KatzReview's MegaCrammer
    LNK – Binary format file, stores shortcuts under MS Windows 95 and later
    LSM – LSMaker script file (program using layered .jpg to create special effects; specifically designed to render lightsabers from the Star Wars universe) (.lsm)
    PIF – Used for running MS-DOS programs under Windows
    POR – So called "portable" SPSS files, readable by PSPP
    PXZ – Compressed file to exchange media elements with PSALMO
    RISE – File containing RISE generated information model evolution
    TOPC – TopicCrunch Search Engine Optimization Project file holding keywords, domain and search engine settings (ASCII);
    TOS – Character file from The Only Sheet
    TMP – Temporary file
    URL – INI format file, used by Internet Explorer to save Favorites
    XLF – Extensible LADAR Format
    ZED – My Heritage Family Tree

    Cursors


    ANI – Animated Cursor
    CUR – Cursor Files

    Financial records


    TAX – TurboTax File
    YNAB – You Need a Budget (YNAB) File
    MYO – MYOB Limited (Windows) File
    MYOB – MYOB Limited (Mac) File
    Nominal – Nominal Accounting (CDF) Company Data File

    See also


    Alphabetical list of file extensions
    MIME Content-Type, a standard for referring to file formats
    List of motion and gesture file formats
    List of file signatures, or "magic numbers"

    References


    ^ a b (PDF) RSTS-11 System Users Guide (DEC-11-ORSUA-D-D (RSTS/E V06A-02) ed.). Digital Equipment Corporation. 1975. pp. 2-16–2-17. Retrieved 22 March 2011.^ Computer Knowledge. "File Extension .CBP Details". Archived from the original on 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 090707 filext.com External links


    File formats at the Open Directory Project




    TrackMania United/Nations Forever Engine – File formats used by games based on the TrackMania engine.
    • CHALLENGE.GBX – (Edited) Challenge files.
    • CONSTRUCTIONCAMPAIGN.GBX – Construction campaignes files.
    • CONTROLEFFECTMASTER.GBX/CONTROLSTYLE.GBX – Menu parts.
    • FIDCACHE.GBX – Saved game.
    • GBX – Other TrackMania items.
    • REPLAY.GBX – Replays of races.

    DOOM Engine – File formats used by games based on the DOOM engine.
    • DEH – DeHackEd files to mutate the game executable (not officially part of the DOOM engine)
    • DSG – Saved game
    • LMP – A lump is an entry in a DOOM wad.
    • LMP – Saved demo recording
    • MUS – Music file (usually contained within a WAD file)
    • WAD – Data storage (contains music, maps, and textures)

    Quake Engine – File formats used by games based on the Quake engine.
    • BSP – (For Binary space partitioning) compiled map format
    • MAP – Raw map format used by editors like GtkRadiant or QuArK
    • MDL/MD2/MD3/MD5 – Model for an item used in the game
    • PAK/PK2 – Data storage
    • PK3/PK4 – used by the Quake II, Quake III Arena and Quake 4 game engines, respectively, to store game data, textures etc. They are actually .zip files.
    • .dat – general data contained within the .PK3/PK4 files
      • .fontdat – a .dat file used for formatting game fonts

    • .roq – Video format

    Unreal Engine – File formats used by games based on the Unreal engine.
    • U – Unreal script format
    • UAX – Animations format for Unreal Engine 2
    • UMX – Map format for Unreal Tournament
    • UMX – Music format for Unreal Engine 1
    • UNR – Map format for Unreal
    • UPK – Package format for cooked content in Unreal Engine 3
    • USX – Sound format for Unreal Engine 1 and Unreal Engine 2
    • UT2 – Map format for Unreal Tournament 2003 and Unreal Tournament 2004
    • UT3 – Map format for Unreal Tournament 3
    • UTX – Texture format for Unreal Engine 1 and Unreal Engine 2
    • UXX – Cache format. These are files that client downloaded from server (which can be converted to regular formats)

    Duke Nukem 3D Engine – File formats used by games based on the Duke Nukem 3D engine.
    • DMO – Save game
    • GRP – Data storage
    • MAP – Map (usually constructed with BUILD.EXE)

    Diablo Engine – File formats used by Diablo by Blizzard Entertainment.
    • SV – Save Game
    • ITM – Item File

    Real Virtuality Engine – File formats used by Bohemia Interactive. Operation:Flashpoint, ARMA 2, VBS2
    • SQF – Format used for general editing
    • SQM – Format used for mission files
    • PBO – Binarized file used for compiled models
    • LIP – Format that is created from WAV files to create in-game accurate lip-synch for character animations





    Vector graphics


    Vector graphics use geometric primitives such as points, lines, curves, and polygons to represent images.

    AMF – Additive Manufacturing File Format
    AWG – Ability Draw
    3DV – 3-D wireframe graphics by Oscar Garcia
    AI – Adobe Illustrator Document
    EPS – Encapsulated Postscript
    CGM – Computer Graphics Metafile an ISO Standard
    CDR – CorelDRAW vector image
    CMX – CorelDRAW vector image
    DXF – ASCII Drawing Interchange file Format, used in AutoCAD and other CAD-programs
    E2D – 2-dimensional vector graphics used by the editor which is included in JFire
    EGT – EGT Universal Document, EGT Vector Draw images are used to draw vector to a website
    ODG – OpenDocument Drawing
    SVG – Scalable Vector Graphics, employs XML
    Scene description languages (3D vector image formats)
    • MOVIE.BYU
    • RenderMan
    • STL – Stereo Lithographic data format (see STL (file format)) used by various CAD systems and stereo lithographic printing machines. See above.
    • VRML Uses .wrl extension – Virtual Reality Modeling Language, for the creation of 3D viewable web images.
    • X3D

    SXD – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Drawing
    V2D – voucher design used by the voucher management included in JFire
    WMF – Windows Meta File
    EMF – Enhanced (Windows) MetaFile, an extension to WMF
    ART – Xara – Drawing (superseded by XAR)
    XAR – Xara – Drawing

    3D graphics


    3D graphics are 3D models that allow building models in real-time or non real-time 3D rendering.

    3DMF – QuickDraw 3D Metafile (.3dmf)
    3DM – OpenNURBS Initiative 3D Model (used by Rhinoceros 3D) (.3dm)
    3DS – Legacy 3D Studio Model (.3ds)
    AC – AC3D Model (.ac)
    AMF – Additive Manufacturing File Format
    AN8 – Anim8or Model (.an8)
    AOI – Art of Illusion Model (.aoi)
    B3D – Blitz3D Model (.b3d)
    BLEND – Blender (.blend)
    BLOCK – Blender encrypted blend files (.block)
    C4D – Cinema 4D (.c4d)
    Cal3D – Cal3D (.cal3d)
    CCP4 – X-ray crystallography voxels (electron density)
    CFL – Compressed File Library (.cfl)
    COB – Caligari Object (.cob)
    CORE3D – Coreona 3D Coreona 3D Virtual File(.core3d)
    CTM – OpenCTM (.ctm)
    DAE – COLLADA (.dae)
    DFF – RenderWare binary stream, commonly used by Grand Theft Auto III-era games as well as other RenderWare titles
    DPM – deepMesh (.dpm)
    DTS – Torque Game Engine (.dts)
    EGG – Panda3D Engine
    FACT – Electric Image (.fac)
    FBX – Autodesk FBX (.fbx)
    G – BRL-CAD geometry (.g)
    GLM – Ghoul Mesh (.glm)
    LWO – Lightwave Object (.lwo)
    LWS – Lightwave Scene (.lws)
    LXO – Luxology Modo (software) file (.lxo)
    MA – Autodesk Maya ASCII File (.ma)
    MAX – Autodesk 3D Studio Max file (.max)
    MB – Autodesk Maya Binary File (.mb)
    MD2 – Quake 2 model format (.md2)
    MD3 – Quake 3 model format (.md3)
    MDX – Blizzard Entertainment's own model format (.mdx)
    MESH – New York University(.m)
    MESH – Meshwork Model (.mesh)
    MM3D – Misfit Model 3d (.mm3d)
    MPO - Multi-Picture Object - This JPEG standard is used for 3d images, as with the Nintendo 3DS
    MRC – voxels in cryo-electron microscopy
    NIF – Gamebryo NetImmerse File (.nif)
    OBJ – Wavefront .obj file (.obj)
    OFF – OFF Object file format (.off)
    PRC – Adobe PRC (embedded in PDF files)
    POV – POV-Ray document (.pov)
    RWX – RenderWare Object (.rwx)
    SIA – Nevercenter Silo Object (.sia)
    SIB – Nevercenter Silo Object (.sib)
    SKP – Google Sketchup file (.skp)
    SLDASM – SolidWorks Assembly Document (.sldasm)
    SLDPRT – SolidWorks Part Document (.sldprt)
    SMD – Valve Studiomdl Data format. (.smd)
    U3D – Universal 3D file format (.u3d)
    VUE – Vue scene file (.vue)
    WINGS – Wings3D (.wings)
    X – DirectX 3D Model (.x)
    X3D – Extensible 3D (.x3d)
    Z3D – Zmodeler (.z3d

    ویرایش توسط کلبه دار : 2011/11/11 در ساعت 07:19 AM دلیل: ادغام دو پست

    کاربر مقابل از کلبه دار بابت این پست مفید تشکر کرده است:

    ..




    فروش هک "ثبت نام فوق فوق فوق سریع" فقط 4000 تومان !!

    فروشگاه خرید کارت شارژ دردونه نیز راه افتاد !
    http://www.charge.dorduneh.ir



    برای نصب وی بولتین (راه اندازی انجمن) و نصب هک پ.خ دهید..




  2. گیفت کارت آیتونز

اطلاعات موضوع

کاربرانی که در حال مشاهده این موضوع هستند

در حال حاضر 1 کاربر در حال مشاهده این موضوع است. (0 کاربران و 1 مهمان ها)

موضوعات مشابه

  1. درخواست ایکن های مرتبط با انجمن کامپیوتر و موبایل
    توسط Kingsdl در انجمن پک آیکن های وی بولتین
    پاسخ: 1
    آخرين نوشته: 2011/06/19, 05:22 PM
  2. مشکل کامپیوتری| مشکل برای فلش دیسک
    توسط Sgwgo در انجمن بحث آزاد
    پاسخ: 5
    آخرين نوشته: 2011/06/05, 02:27 PM
  3. کامپیوترت زنه یا مرد
    توسط Haji در انجمن بحث آزاد
    پاسخ: 5
    آخرين نوشته: 2011/03/28, 02:36 AM
  4. درجه کاربری برای سایت های کامپیوتر و دانلود
    توسط programmer69 در انجمن پک درجه های کاربری
    پاسخ: 17
    آخرين نوشته: 2011/01/01, 06:38 PM

کلمات کلیدی این موضوع

علاقه مندی ها (Bookmarks)

علاقه مندی ها (Bookmarks)

مجوز های ارسال و ویرایش

  • شما نمیتوانید موضوع جدیدی ارسال کنید
  • شما امکان ارسال پاسخ را ندارید
  • شما نمیتوانید فایل پیوست کنید.
  • شما نمیتوانید پست های خود را ویرایش کنید
  •